Nanook of the North

1
The mysterious Barren 
Lands - desolate, boulder-
strewn, wind-swept --
illimitable spaces which
   top the world.

2
The sterility of the soil and
the rigor of the climate no
other race could survive; yet
here, utterly dependent upon 
animal life, which is their 
sole source of food, live the
most cheerful people in all
the world - the fearless, lov-
able, happy-go-lucky Eskimo.

[dissolve to:]

3
This picture concerns the 
life of one Nanook (The Bear), 
his family and little band 
of followers, "Itivimuits" of
Hopewell Sound, Northern
Ungava, through whose kindli-
ness, faithfulness and pa-
tience this film was made.

4
The hunting ground of 
Nanook and his followers
is a little kingdom in 
size -- nearly as large
as England, yet occupied
by less than three 
  hundred souls.

5
Chief of the "Itivimuits"
and as a great hunter 
famous through all  
Ungava -- Nanook, The
        Bear.

6
Nyla -- The Smiling
       One.

7
Nanook comes to prepare 
for the summer journey
down river to the trade 
post of the white man and
to the salmon and walrus 
fishing grounds at sea.

8
Nanook....

9
Allee....

10
Nyla....

11
Cunayou....

12
....and Comock....

13
The desert interior, if deer 
hunting fails, is the country 
of death - for there is no 
food. Even moss, upon which 
the deer depend and which
the Eskimo use for fuel,
grows only in patches
   here and there.

14
This is the way Nanook
uses moss for fuel.

15
The kyak's fragile frame 
must be covered with 
sealskins before the 
   journey begins.

16
The long trek to the 
       river.

17
The omiak, of drift-
wood frame, covered
with the hides of 
 seal and walrus.

18
On harpoon points, 
boots of sealskin 
drying in the sun.

19
Landing at the white 
man's "big igloo" - -
  the trading post.

20
Nanook's hunt for the
year, apart from fox,
seal and walrus, num-
bered seven great polar
bears, which in hand 
to hand encounters he
killed with nothing more 
formidable than his harpoon.

21
With pelts of the Arctic
fox and polar bear
Nanook barters for
knives and beads and
bright colored candy
of the trader's precious 
       store.

22
Nanook proudly displays
his young "huskies," the
finest dog flesh in all
  the country round.

23
Nyla, not to be outdone,
displays her young husky,
too - - one Rainbow,
less than four months 
         old.

24
In deference to Nanook,
the great hunter, the
trader entertains and
attempts to explain
the principle of the
gramophone - - how
the white man "cans"
    his voice.

25
Some of Nanook's child-
ren are banqueted by 
the trader - - sea
 biscuit and lard!

26
But Allegoo indulged
to excess, so the trader
sends for - - castor
        oil!

27
A wandering ice field 
drifts in from sea and
locks up a hundred 
miles of coast. Though
Nanook's band, already 
on the thin edge of 
starvation, is unable
to move, Nanook, great 
hunter that he is, saves 
       the day.

28
Upon his skill in
traversing dangerous
floes his success
     depends.

29
Spying out good
 fishing ground.

30
No bait. Instead, a lure
of two pieces of ivory,
jigging at the end of 
  a seal-hide line.

31
Nanook, overjoyed at
the sight of food once
more, kills the big 
ones with his teeth.

32
His day's catch.

33
Nanook gives a brother 
fisherman a lift into 
        shore.

34
The sea is once more free of
ice and the salmon gone. For
days there is no food. Then 
one of Nanook's look-outs
comes in with news of
walrus on a far off island.
Excitement reigns, for
walrus in their eyes spells
        fortune.

35
With the discovery of
a group asleep on shore
 the suspense begins.

36
A "sentinel" is always 
on watch, for, while
walrus are ferocious
in water, they are 
 helpless on land.

37
Weighing as much as two
tons and armored with
an almost impenetrable 
hide, the walrus, when
charging, tusks agleam
and sounding his battle 
cry "uk-uk," is well
called the "tiger of 
    the North".

38
While the angered herd 
shouts defiance, the
mate of the harpooned 
walrus comes to the 
rescue -- attempts to
lock horns and pull 
 the captive free.

39
Rolling the dead quarry 
  from the undertow.

40
They do not wait until
the kill is transported
back to camp, for they
cannot restrain the 
 pangs of hunger.

41
Winter ....

42
Long nights - - the wail
of the wind - - short,
bitter days - - snow smok-
ing fields of sea and plain
- - the brass ball of sun a
mockery in the sky - -
the mercury near bottom 
and staying there days
  and days and days.

43
Nanook, seal hunting
bound, becomes involved
in the giant rough ice
   fields at sea.

44
When driven before the 
fury of the winter gales,
the wandering ice fields 
at sea collide with the
fixed ice edges of the 
coast; the mass buckles
under the tremendous 
drive and gigantic blocks
   are rafted high.

45
Among these chaotic 
wastes two miles of 
less is often a weary 
  day's sledging.

46
Nanook, seeing a white
fox approaching one of
his traps, signals the 
  family to detour.

47
The brief day nears its 
end, and Nanook comes
on ahead to look for
  camping grounds.

48
Deep snow, packed hard
by the wind, makes good 
ground for building the
igloo, the snow dwelling 
    of the Eskimo.

49
So as to cut more 
easily, Nanook licks 
his walrus ivory knife,
which instantly is glazed 
      with ice.

50
While father works ...

51
To keep out the piercing 
cold, Nyla and Cunayou
chink with snow every 
seam and gap in the 
    igloo walls.

52
To the babies igloo
building is a bore.

53
Complete within the
       hour.

54
Now only one thing
 more is needed....

55
To reflect the light
through the window.

56
From the inside Nyla
cleans her brand-new
    ice window.

57
This little seal, until
Nanook makes another 
kill, is all the food
     they have.

58
A few robes of bear 
and deer skin, a stone
pot and stone lamps
is the list of their 
household belongings.

59
Time for work and 
 time for play.

60
To be a great hunter 
  like his father.

61
It is cold sport for 
a little boy's bare 
hands. Rubbing them
on his cheeks, Nanook
    warms them.

62
    The hearthstone 
    of the Eskimo...
Seal oil for fuel -- moss
for wicking - a stone pot
   for melting snow.
The temperature within the 
igloo must be kept below
freezing to prevent the 
dome and walls from melting.

63
Morning....

64
Nyla chews Nanook's
boots to soften them,
a most important 
operation, for sealskin
boots become stiff and
unwieldy overnight.

65
Rubbing noses --
the Eskimo's kiss.

66
Breaking camp, Nanook
and his family, ever
on the quest for food,
prepare to start for the 
sealing grounds at sea.

67
If Nanook had not 
put his sled on top
of the igloo for the 
night the dogs would
have eaten the seal-
hide thongs which bind
 its parts together.

68
As Arctic snow is dry 
as sand, the sled run-
ners must be glazed
with ice to make 
them slide easily.

69
The tiny igloo Nanook
made for the puppies
has kept them warm 
all night and safe
from the hungry jaws 
of their big brothers.

70
The puppy rides in
Cunayou's hood during 
      the day.

71
The kingship of 
Nanook's master 
dog is challenged.

72
On the vast ice fields
    of frozen sea.

73
How Nanook hunts
the "Ogjuk" -- the
    big seal.

[dissolve to:]

74
Being a mammal, the seal
has to breathe frequently,
so from the time the ice 
first forms in the bay, each
animal keeps at least 
one funnel-like hole open
to the surface so it can
come up for air at twenty-
   minute intervals.

75
From the smell of flesh 
and blood comes the
blood lust of the wolf
  - - his forebear.

76
The most desired of all 
meat is that of seal.
It affords the maximum 
of warmth and susten-
ance. The "blubber-eating
Eskimo" is a misconcep-
tion. Blubber they use 
as we use butter.

77
With a relic of the 
feast, a seal flipper,
Allegoo and his com-
panion enjoy a tug
      of war.

78
"Ikee! Ikee!"
("Very cold!")

79
It is now getting dark
and the family is a
long way from shelter,
but the dogs cause a
  dangerous delay.

80
By the time the team 
is straightened out, a
threatening "drifter"
drives in from the 
       north.

81
Almost perishing from 
the icy blasts and un-
able to reach their own
snowhouse, the little
family is driven to
take refuge in a de-
   serted igloo.

82
The shrill piping of the 
wind, the rasp and hiss
of driving snow, the 
mournful wolf howls of
Nanook's master dog
typify the melancholy
spirit of the North.

83
"TIA MAK"
(The End)


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